Find out where in the world the Skyping Reading Tutor is. The skyping reading tutor volunteers in classrooms by reading books and motivating them to read. The Skyping Reading Tutor also has her own online reading tutoring company

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Day 11: Question Marks

On day 7 we took a look improving fluency and specifically at stopping appropriately at periods and commas. Today we are going to focus on what to do with question marks. If this particular strategy isn’t something that your child struggles with, then you can simply focus on the information from the previous days.

When we read we know that our voice goes up and down very naturally. We don’t need any instruction in this, it just happens. However, when we are reading, many times a child will look at a question mark and keep a monotone voice and read it like a period. Their voice doesn’t change, and it is really hard to tell as the listener that there was a question asked because not making our voice go up and down actually changes the meaning of what we are reading.

When I am teaching kids reading online I am able to highlight the books with two different colors very easily. I highlight the words that go up as green and the words that go down as red. Then when I am done I have the kids take a look at exactly where my voice was going up and down. This visual actual helps kids to see their voice in a different way.

After we analyze what happens with their voice we go over when the voice is particularly going up and going down. Then the child gets to practice making their own voice go up and down. It is a powerful strategy and it ultimately leads to better comprehension.

If you own the book, then you can mark it up all you want to help your child with this, however, if you don’t own it you are aware that would be a very bad move. That is why I love using ebooks with kids online. I can mark up the text to guide them without getting in their space or ruining a great book.

Once your child’s voice has improved in fluency, you will notice how much more interesting it is to listen to him or her read. It also increases their own personal motivation to want to read. Let me know if you have any questions. I would love to guide you in how I do this.

Day 5 Three Questions


Welcome to day 5. Has your summer been as jam packed as mine? Well, I hope along with reading that you and your children are able to also have lots of fun. Today we are going to be taking a look at the three types of errors that kids typically make when they are reading and come up with some questions that can help them fix their errors on their own. Just like in the try again strategy, you want to get your child to be responsible for correcting his/her own reading errors. If you do it for the child, then you become the strategy called ask a parent instead of encouraging the child to figure it out.

The three magic questions are
1. Does it look right?
2. Does it sound right?
3. Does it make sense.

There are also three specific times that you ask these questions. Let’s take a look at an example of does it look right.

Child: “It dumped into Rani and Brother Dove.”

Parent: “Does that look right?” (Parent points to the word dumped.)

Child: “Oh, I meant bumped.”

In this example the child fixed her error immediately upon the question being asked. Many times kids will flip b’s and d’s. However, when they read it in context for a second time he/she is able to usually fix it.

The second question is does that sound right. The purpose of this question is to focus the child’s attention to sentence structure. Often times children will read the way that they speak and not notice the way that it was actually written. Also, kids will make tons of errors on the little words, inserting a different little word in it’s place. For example,

Child: “It took off his mask.”
Parent: Does that sound right?
Child: “Not really.”
Parent: “Try Again.”
Child: “He took off his mask.”

Parent: “Great, you fixed it yourself.”

Notice how it would not be grammatically correct with his in the sentence. The point of the question is not to be nit picky, but rather get the child to correct his/her own errors.

The last qustion is does that make sense. This question promotes the reader to make sense of what he/she is reading. Here is an example.

Child: “I am always the lion wolf.”
Parent: “Does that make sense?”
Child: “No”
Parent: “Try again.”
Child: “I am always the lone wolf.”
Parent: “Does that make sense?”
Child: “Yes.”
Parent: “Excellent, keep going.”

In this example, lion instead of lone does not make sense. It kind of looks like lion. It begins the same and it ends in the same sound, but it does not make sense. If reading does not make sense, then kids can develop comprehension problems and a low motivation to want to read independently.

When it comes to reading, the goal always needs to be to foster independence. Often times in our busy lives it is much easier to fix the mistake for the child, but this is not really helping him/her reach the goal of fixing the mistakes on his/her own. Odds are, that when he/she comes to a word on his/her own and get’s it wrong, then he/she will just keep reading and it will effect his/her overall comprehension.


Day 3 Try Again

Today you are going to begin some powerful strategies that put the learning in your child’s hands instead of in yours. I have personally found that when I tell a child how to say a word, some of the really great readers might remember it next time, but the kids that struggle with reading rarely do.

So if telling the child the word is not helpful, then sounding it out must be the next best strategy. Not all words can be sounded out, so I am pretty picky about when I suggest this strategy.

The very first strategy I use with kids is simply to say try again. I want to give them an opportunity to use whatever strategy is going to work for him or her. Many times I will wait till the end of the sentence and give them their own opportunity to fix the mistake. That is ultimately what I want to instill in them anyways. I want them to think to themselves, “Hmm, that didn’t make sense. Let me try that again.”

At this point after you have suggested your child to try it again and they do not get the word correct, just go ahead and tell them the word. As time goes on you are going to learn some additional skills that will help in this area.


31 Days to a Better Reader

Everyone wants to make sure that the children in their life are able to read easily and effortlessly.

No parent or teacher ever thinks, “Gosh I  hope that my child will struggle with reading.  It sure would add a lot of adversity to their life.”  Therefore, we always want to be able to do everything that we absolutely can to make sure that kids have the tools that they need to do the very best that they are capable of doing.

In this information age it is pivotal that children be able to read.  There isn’t anything that they will partake in that will not include reading.  We all know that, but sometimes it is hard to convince kids who don’t actually enjoy reading to understand it’s importance.  Who wants to do something that is either hard or boring.

Over the next 31 days you are going to get tips and tricks that will turn any child into a better reader.  Are you ready for a challenge that will motivate your child, build bonding time with your child, and help him or her with reading all at the same time?  This is the perfect time for this challenge.  The time is NOW!  Whether your child already loves to read or doesn’t, they can always become better.

My name is Joanne Kaminski and I am also known as the Skyping Reading Tutor.  I have been teaching kids to read for over 10 years, have a Masters in Reading and have starting my own reading tutoring company called Bright IDEA Reading Tutoring.  The tips and tricks that you will learn are based off of my own experiences of what works best with kids.  I utilize brain research and how kids learn best and actually retain the information that they are learning.

Tomorrow starts day 1 of the challenge.  Subscribe to this blog so that you don’t miss one single day of this challenge and turn your loved little ones into SUPERSTAR Readers.

Soccer Practice: Please Show Passport

Imagine this, it is time to bring your child to soccer or football practice.  You pack all of your clothes, equipment, and get everyone settled into the car.  You begin driving and forget to bring your passport.  So, you go back home, grab your passport and cross the border to get your child to practice on time.

This may sound far fetched to many of you, but it is reality for the children in Saskatchewan, Canada.  Last week I got to hang out in Ms. Elder’s class and she was explaining that many of her students have sports practices in Montana.  I was extremely interested in this, especially since I already knew she lived in Canada and that the class I was specifically talking with was in Canada.  To them it did not sound like a big deal, but to many of us who have never experienced that it is fascinating.

This is one of the reasons that I love volunteering in classrooms all over the world and reading to them.  I love learning and I love learning about different people and the way that they do things.

Ms. Elder and I met last year via Twitter and I was able to read to her class then.  She does a looping grade 1 and grade 2 split.  So some of the students had recognized me from last year.  It was really cool to pop into their classroom and have many of them recognize me.  One little boy said, “I know you”.  It was really sweet.

Ms. Elder asked me to share my favorite story with the class.  For me, my absolute favorite story is Thank You, Mr. Falker by Patricia Polacco.   However, I do not have an ebook version yet to share with the children, so I decided to go with my second favorite Chicka Chicka Boom Boom.  Ironically, the class had just taken down their Chicka Chicka Boom Boom tree and they were absolutely thrilled that I chose that book out of all of the books in the world to read to them.

I have read this book to several children all over the world and it seems to be a hands down favorite.  What are some of your favorite books to read with children?  I would love to know.

Watch this clip from a past reading of the book to a group of students in North Carolina.

The Skyping Reading Tutor In Kernersville, North Carolina

When I was in the school system as a reading specialist I started my day reading a story to the entire school on the morning news.  It was a wonderful way to start off our day.  Today I get to do something very similar and that is volunteer in classrooms all over the world and read stories to classrooms.

Today I had the pleasure of reading to a group of Kindergarten students in Kernersville, North Carolina.  It is such a pleasure to meet so many bright smiling faces early in the morning.  I love it.  My own children had just gotten on the bus and these kids were already at school ready for their day. They were all seated patiently at the carpet waiting for me to come into their classroom.

They were amazed that we were talking to each other and were 815 miles away from each other.  Some of them had experience with talking to people via Skype and many others had not.  One little boy shared with me that he gets to talk to his Grandpa in Mexico via Skype.  That is the beautiful thing about Skype.  Never has there ever existed a way to talk to people far away without paying a ton of money.  Now, not only do people get to talk to love ones, but they can see them as well.

Today I read the story Dragon’s Halloween by Dav Pilkey.  It was very exciting because Halloween is right around the corner and many of the children in the classroom are experiencing the same dilemma that Dragon was experiencing.   Dragon was trying to pick out a Halloween costume but couldn’t decide which one he wanted to be.  So, he decided to wear them all.  It didn’t work out so well for Dragon, but of course it had a wonderful ending.  I love this chapter so much that I am going to share it with you as well.  Click on the video and enjoy.


Where to Get Great Books for Summer Reading

The manga section at Barnes & Noble in Colma, ...

Image via Wikipedia

Every Thursday the Skyping Reading Tutor, Joanne Kaminski, is a parenting expert on a blog talk radio show called the Total Education Hour.  I have an entire week to think of a great question.  My question this week was, where can you find great books to read for your children over the summer.

There are so many fantastic places to go to get great books and I am going to list my top ten here.  My first suggestion is to take a look at the summer reading list that your school or current teacher may give you.  This will give you a good starting point of books to look for.  Once you have that list you can go to the following places to get them.

  1. The library – Who can beat free?  Some libraries are connected with other local libraries and all you have to do is go to your computer, request the book, they call you when it is ready, and you pick it up.
  2. School library – many school libraries are open in the summer and allow you to check out books.
  3. Ebooks – Reading an e-book doesn’t feel the same as reading a regular book and some kids enjoy this.  Many books come for free in an ebook format.  Check it out.
  4. Local Bookstore – Support your local bookstore.  These wonderful little treasures are becoming less and less due to bigger stores like Barnes and Noble and Amazon.
  5. Bookswap with a friend – have your child make a list of all of the books that he/she has and switch lists with a friend.  The kids can recommend books to each other and enjoy books for free.
  6. Bookswap online – These are great fun.  If you list 10 books you get free credits.  People start asking you to send books to them and all you pay is media shipping, which is less than regular shipping.  Whenever you want a book, type in the title and see if one of the members has it.  It is as easy as that.
  7. Rummage sales – you will always find bestsellers at rummage sales because that is what people are reading.
  8. Goodwill – Many people just donate their books to the Goodwill.  Check out their selection.
  9. Amazon – I usually try looking for books in all of the other places first and if I can’t find there, then I go to Amazon, put it in my shopping cart and pay for my books after I have reached the $25 mark.  I rarely need a book immediately and it is always a sweet surprise to see what I have selected when I reach the point to purchase.

Enjoy this great tool for where to get great books for the summer for your child (or yourself).  Happy Reading and listen to The Total Education Network.

Listen to
internet radio with Total Tutor on Blog Talk Radio

Interesting Contact with India

A kindergarten classroom in Afghanistan.

Image via Wikipedia

Yesterday I had a very interesting contact with a man in India.  Usually the people that I connect with on Skype are teachers or my own students.  However, now that Skype has their Skype in the classroom feature, people are making connections with me that are not teachers.  So, as with anything on the internet, be careful with this feature Skype offers.

With my permission a man named Sebastion from India gave me a call.  He began explaining how he uses Skype with children to make money.  He uses children to bring tourism to his area, teach English speaking skills online, and sing at birthday parties.

To bring tourism to his area he has children use Skype and has them chat with people across the globe.  Then when people decide to visit their area, they take part in daily rituals and ceremonies.  His premise is the make friends with people around the world and to treat them like family, all for a fee of course.

Another endeavor that this man is involved with is having students, as young a 5th and 6th grade, teaching English speaking skills online.  Here is how he has stated it

Anyone who wants to improve conversation skills can join the “LEO-Learn English Online” of eBalajanasakhyam.
School students with reasonable fluency in English language can join eBalajanasakhyam to “TEO-Teach English Online” to Earn While They Learn

A video by CNN is included below to see this in action.

His latest endeavor is to have Kindergarten children sing Happy Birthday at your Birthday Party.  For a fee, you can have very young children from India sing to your child at his/her Birthday party.  Then you can send these young children, toys, candy, or a small fee.

Different cultures have different rules and expectations of online practices.  In the United States we have child labor laws which prevent children from making money online.  However, this is not something that is practiced all over the world.

This entire experience has brought to light for me a whole new world view.  I even began thinking about my own beliefs and where they come from.  My beliefs (right, wrong, or indifferent) come from my parents, my society, and my experiences.  If any one of these things change, then my beliefs change.  I am not writing this blog entry to spout what my beliefs are about what this man is doing.  Who am I to judge?  However, he is definitely someone that I would not do business with.  The biggest reasons are because my beliefs are just different.  What are your thoughts?

Skyping Reading Tutor Learned about Handball and Legos in Denmark


Image by Mundoo via Flickr

It was 4:10 am when my alarm woke me up this morning and I enthusiastically rushed out of bed for a special group of students.  After taking a shower and having a fresh pot of coffee, I went down to my office and skyped with some students in Ms. Lisbeth Hansen’s class in Baekke, Denmark.  It was 11:30 am their time and 4:30 am  my time.

At first our skype session was looking like it might not happen.  Ms. Hansen’s voice was going in and out and it was difficult to understand what she was saying.  Then she switched computers and we had a better connection.  She had her students practice their English speaking skills by preparing information about Denmark.  It was a wonderful experience.

These students are very proud of where they are from and it definitely shone in their presentation.  They told me that handball originated in Denmark and asked if the U.S.A had a handball team.  I told that I had actually not known a lot about the sport and was not sure if we did.  I was interested to find out if we did and as soon as we were done with our session I found out that the U.S.A does have an Olympic team.

It looks like an amazing sport.  It is very fast paced and has a lot of rules.  Some of the students in Ms. Hansen’s class have made some videos about the rules of handball.  I am including one of those videos at the bottom for everyone to take a look at.

I also learned that Legos were invented in Denmark.  Ole Kirk Christansen invented them in 1932 in his toy shop.  Fifteen years later he discovered that plastic made this toy even better and he began making and manufacturing them.

Learning things about other countries was never this much fun when I was in school.  Maybe it was because the things that I learned seemed like useless facts.  However, learning about Legos and Handball from these sixth graders gave meaning to the experience.  The students were excited to share details about their country and teach others.  Usually students in other countries are shy to speak a different language to native language speakers, but these students did an amazing job.  When you get a chance you have to check out the Handball video.

Danish Handball #2 from SNskole on Vimeo.

Kayaking to Melbourne, Australia

Whitewater kayaking, Isére, Bourg-Saint-Maurice

Image via Wikipedia

I love when I get to learn new things.  Today I learned that mini-beasts and insects are pretty much the same thing.  Ms. Gridley who is the teacher of a 1st and 2nd grade classroom in Melbourne, Australia invited me to read a book to her students and told me that she was studying insects and mini-beasts.  Since I had never heard of mini-beasts before I looked it up on the handy dandy computer.  I told the students in her class this and they thought that was hilarious.

During each session with the classrooms, I show where I am on the map and where the students are.  Whoever works for google maps must have the most amazing sense of humor.  When I looked up directions to Melbourne it said that it would take me 55 days and 15 hours to get there.  I was curious as to what directions it would have me take since it was not taking the route of an airplane.

The directions have me taking a kayak from Washington to Hawaii.  I cross all the way through Hawaii and take another kayak to Japan.  Don’t you think that my passport might get a little wet if I am taking a kayak from Hawaii to Japan.  Wait a second, does google really expect me to know which direction I am supposed to go if I am in a kayak?  I can’t even navigate my way around Wisconsin without my GPS.  Once we get to Japan, I can’t even read the directions anymore so I will have to learn a new language.  I have to take a ferry at some point in Japan, but I am not sure when since I can’t read Japanese.  I think I will just use Skype or take a plane to get to Melbourne.

I completely enjoyed my time that I spent with Ms. Gridley’s class.  They were so polite and had wonderful questions to ask.  It is not often that they get to Skype with someone from the United States since it is on a much different time zone.  It was still Thursday for me at 6:30 CST and for them it was Friday morning 9:30.  I told them that I didn’t get a chance to go to bed yet and they had already woken up.  I love Skype.  Connecting with classrooms around the world is such a pure joy for me.

If you want a good laugh, check out the directions to Melbourne, Australia from Sussex, WI in the United States.  I couldn’t make this stuff up.

This route has tolls.
This route includes a ferry.
This route crosses through Japan.
Hansen Dr
Sussex, WI 53089
1. Head southeast on Hansen Dr toward Hickory Chasm Dr
0.2 mi
2. Turn left onto Hickory Chasm Dr
361 ft
3. Take the 1st right onto Woodland Oaks Dr
0.2 mi
4. Turn right onto Silver Springs Dr
0.8 mi
5. Continue onto Sussex Rd
0.4 mi
6. Turn left onto Winkleman Rd
1.5 mi
7. Turn right onto Co Rd K
0.3 mi
8. Take the 1st left onto Co Rd Ke/Jungbluth Rd
0.9 mi
9. Take the ramp onto WI-16 W
8.7 mi
10. Take the ramp to WI-67 N/I-94
0.4 mi
11. Merge onto WI-67 Bypass S
0.8 mi
12. Turn right onto Old Tower Rd
348 ft
13. Turn left onto Summit Ave
2.0 mi
14. Take the Interstate 94 ramp
0.3 mi
15. Merge onto I-94 W

Entering Minnesota
289 mi
16. Take exit 249 for I-694 N toward I-494 S
0.7 mi
17. Merge onto I-694 W
29.9 mi
18. Continue onto I-94 W

Passing through North Dakota
Entering Montana
818 mi
19. Merge onto I-90 W
228 mi
20. Merge onto I-15 S
7.6 mi
21. Slight left onto I-90 W

Passing through Idaho
Entering Washington
579 mi
22. Take exit 10 to merge onto I-405 N toward Bellevue
3.5 mi
23. Take exit 14 to merge onto WA-520 W toward Seattle
6.0 mi
24. Take the Montlake Blvd exit
0.5 mi
25. Merge onto Montlake Blvd E
0.3 mi
26. Slight left onto NE Pacific St
0.8 mi
27. Continue onto NE Northlake Way
0.1 mi
28. Turn left onto 6th Ave NE
79 ft
29. Turn right onto NE Northlake Way
1.0 mi
30. Kayak across the Pacific Ocean

Entering Hawaii
2,756 mi
31. Continue straight
0.1 mi
32. Turn left onto Kuilima Dr
0.5 mi
33. Take the 3rd right onto HI-83 W
12.4 mi
34. Continue straight onto HI-99 S/Kamehameha Hwy
6.5 mi
35. Slight left onto HI-80 S/Kamehameha Hwy

Continue to follow Kamehameha Hwy
2.1 mi
36. Take the Interstate H-2 S ramp to Honolulu
0.2 mi
37. Merge onto I-H-2 S
7.9 mi
38. Merge onto I-H-1 E
4.7 mi
39. Take exit 13B toward Halawa Hts. Stadium
0.3 mi
40. Merge onto I-H-201 E
4.1 mi
41. Merge onto I-H-1 E
4.1 mi
42. Take exit 23 for Punahou St toward Waikiki/Manoa
0.2 mi
43. Turn right onto Punahou St
0.1 mi
44. Take the 1st right onto S Beretania St
0.1 mi
45. Take the 1st left onto Kalakaua Ave
1.9 mi
46. Kayak across the Pacific Ocean

Entering Japan
3,879 mi
47. Turn left toward 県道275号線
0.4 mi
48. Turn left toward 県道275号線
358 ft
49. Turn left toward 県道275号線
0.2 mi
50. Turn right onto 県道275号線
0.1 mi
51. Turn left onto 国道125号線
499 ft
52. Turn right onto 県道24号線
0.6 mi
53. Turn left at 千束町(交差点) onto 国道354号線
2.0 mi
54. Turn right at 中村陸橋下(交差点) to stay on 国道354号線
1.0 mi
55. Take the ramp to 常磐自動車道

Toll road
0.3 mi
56. Keep left at the fork, follow signs for 東京 and merge onto 常磐自動車道

Toll road
23.8 mi
57. Take exit 三郷JCT on the right toward 首都高・銀座・湾岸線

Toll road
0.7 mi
58. Merge onto 首都高速6号三郷線

Toll road
5.8 mi
59. Take exit 小菅JCT toward 湾岸線・銀座

Toll road
0.3 mi
60. Merge onto 首都高速中央環状線

Toll road
0.4 mi
61. Take exit 堀切JCT on the right toward 銀座

Toll road
0.3 mi
62. Merge onto 首都高速6号向島線

Toll road
5.4 mi
63. Take exit 江戸橋JCT on the right toward 神田橋・北池袋

Toll road
0.4 mi
64. Merge onto 首都高速都心環状線

Toll road
3.8 mi
65. Take exit 谷町JCT on the right toward 東名・渋谷

Toll road
0.3 mi
66. Merge onto 首都高速3号渋谷線

Toll road
6.9 mi
67. Continue onto 東名高速道路

Toll road
189 mi
68. Take exit 豊田JCT toward 東海環状・伊勢湾岸道・豊田東出口・土岐JCT・四日市・新名神

Toll road
0.3 mi
69. Keep right at the fork, follow signs for 伊勢湾岸道・四日市・新名神 and merge onto 伊勢湾岸自動車道

Toll road
19.8 mi
70. Take the ramp onto 伊勢湾岸自動車道

Toll road
12.1 mi
71. Take exit 四日市JCT on the right toward 東名阪道・大阪・伊勢道

Toll road
0.6 mi
72. Merge onto 東名阪自動車道

Toll road
13.8 mi
73. Take exit 亀山JCT toward 新名神・京都・大阪

Toll road
0.6 mi
74. Merge onto 新名神高速道路

Toll road
30.9 mi
75. Take exit 草津JCT toward 草津PA・名神・京滋・京都・大阪

Toll road
0.2 mi
76. Take exit 草津PA on the right toward 名神

Toll road
0.5 mi
77. Merge onto 名神高速道路

Toll road
30.1 mi
78. Take exit 吹田JCT toward 中国道・山陽道・宝塚・岡山

Toll road
1.1 mi
79. Merge onto 中国自動車道

Toll road
18.8 mi
80. Take exit 神戸JCT toward 山陽道・岡山・徳島

Toll road
0.9 mi
81. Merge onto 山陽自動車道

Toll road
192 mi
82. Take exit 廿日市JCT on the right toward 山陽道・岩国・北九州

Toll road
0.9 mi
83. Merge onto 広島岩国道路

Toll road
7.3 mi
84. Take the ramp onto 山陽自動車道

Toll road
59.2 mi
85. Take exit 山口JCT on the right toward 中国道・下関・北九州

Toll road
0.8 mi
86. Merge onto 中国自動車道

Toll road
39.9 mi
87. Continue onto 関門橋

Toll road
5.9 mi
88. Continue onto 九州自動車道 (signs for 九州道・福岡・熊本)

Toll road
59.1 mi
89. Take exit 鳥栖JCT toward 大分道・大分・長崎道・長崎・佐賀

Toll road
0.3 mi
90. Keep right at the fork, follow signs for 長崎道・長崎・佐賀 and merge onto 長崎自動車道

Toll road
75.0 mi
91. Take exit 高速長崎IC on the right toward ながさき出島道路・(長崎市街)

Toll road
0.6 mi
92. Merge onto ながさき出島道路/国道324号バイパス

Toll road
1.8 mi
93. Take the ramp onto 出島海岸通り/国道499号線

Partial toll road
0.4 mi
94. Turn left at 玉江橋(交差点)
0.2 mi
95. Turn left
482 ft
96. Take the 長崎~奈良尾~奈留島~福江ferry

Partial toll road
60.8 mi
97. Continue straight
0.2 mi
98. Turn right toward 国道384号線
243 ft
99. Turn right toward 国道384号線
0.2 mi
100. Turn left at 東浜町(交差点) onto 国道384号線
1.3 mi
101. Slight left at 馬責馬場(交差点) onto 県道27号線
7.0 mi
102. Turn left onto 県道31号線
0.4 mi
103. Continue onto 県道164号線
2.9 mi
104. Keep left at the fork
1.9 mi
105. Turn left to stay on 県道164号線
0.2 mi
106. Turn left onto 国道384号線
3.5 mi
107. Kayak across the Pacific Ocean

Entering Australia (Northern Territory)
3,358 mi
108. Turn left onto Myilly Tce
282 ft
109. Turn right to stay on Myilly Tce
0.2 mi
110. At the traffic circle, take the 1st exit onto Kahlin Ave
0.2 mi
111. At the traffic circle, take the 1st exit onto Gilruth Ave
1.1 mi
112. Turn right onto Goyder Rd
0.2 mi
113. Keep left at the fork
433 ft
114. Continue onto Stuart Hwy
20.0 mi
115. Slight right to stay on Stuart Hwy

Go through 2 traffic circles
915 mi
116. Turn right onto Stuart Hwy/National Highway 87 (signs for Adelaide)

Continue to follow Stuart Hwy
Entering South Australia
753 mi
117. Slight left onto National Highway A1
54.0 mi
118. Continue onto Port Wakefield Rd/Princes Hwy

Continue to follow Port Wakefield Rd
76.1 mi
119. Continue onto Port Augusta-Port Wakefield Rd/Princes Hwy

Continue to follow Princes Hwy
52.4 mi
120. Slight left onto A1/Port Wakefield Rd/Princes Hwy
1.4 mi
121. Slight left to stay on A1/Port Wakefield Rd/Princes Hwy
0.4 mi
122. Continue straight to stay on A1/Port Wakefield Rd/Princes Hwy

Continue to follow A1/Princes Hwy
2.7 mi
123. Turn left onto Regency Rd
1.0 mi
124. Turn right onto Hampstead Rd
0.6 mi
125. Slight left onto Taunton Rd/A17 (signs for Payneham)

Continue to follow A17
6.1 mi
126. Slight left onto Princes Hwy (signs for National Highway M1/Murray Bridge)
39.4 mi
127. Continue onto South Eastern Freeway
6.1 mi
128. Slight left onto Princes Hwy
11.7 mi
129. Continue onto Dukes Hwy

Entering Victoria
118 mi
130. Continue onto Western Hwy/National Highway A8

Go through 1 traffic circle
85.9 mi
131. Turn right onto Henty Hwy/Western Hwy/Wimmera Hwy/A200 (signs for Ballarat/Melbourne/Hamilton)

Continue to follow Western Hwy
Go through 1 traffic circle
60.1 mi
132. Turn left to stay on Western Hwy (signs for Ballarat/Melbourne)
48.3 mi
133. Continue onto National Highway M8/Western Freeway
66.1 mi
134. Merge onto Western Ring Rd
2.0 mi
135. Keep left at the fork, follow signs for M1/WEST GATE FREEWAY/West Gate Brace and merge onto West Gate Freeway/M1
8.6 mi
136. Take exit Power Street-W1 toward City
0.2 mi
137. Merge onto Power St
0.1 mi
138. Turn right onto City Rd
0.4 mi
139. Continue onto Alexandra Ave
0.5 mi
140. Slight left onto Olympic Boulevard/Swan St
0.1 mi
141. Turn left toward Batman Ave

Toll road
105 ft
142. Turn left onto Batman Ave

Partial toll road
0.6 mi
143. Continue onto Exhibition St
0.4 mi
144. Turn left onto Little Bourke St
0.4 mi
Melbourne VIC

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